Categories

A sample text widget

Etiam pulvinar consectetur dolor sed malesuada. Ut convallis euismod dolor nec pretium. Nunc ut tristique massa.

Nam sodales mi vitae dolor ullamcorper et vulputate enim accumsan. Morbi orci magna, tincidunt vitae molestie nec, molestie at mi. Nulla nulla lorem, suscipit in posuere in, interdum non magna.

Fitch Affirms Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2008-4 Senior Notes & Upgrades Subs; Outlook Stable

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings affirms the Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2008-4 senior notes at ‘AAAsf’ and upgrades the subordinate notes to ‘AAsf’ from ‘A+sf’. The Rating Outlook remains Stable on the senior notes, and the Outlook on the subordinate notes is revised to Stable from Positive . The upgrade of the subordinate notes is driven by strong static pool performance and amortization of the bonds.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

High Collateral Quality: The trust collateral is comprised of 100% of Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans. The credit quality of the trust collateral is high, in Fitch’s opinion, based on the guarantees provided by the transaction’s eligible guarantors and reinsurance provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) for at least 97% of principal and accrued interest. Fitch rates the U.S. sovereign government at ‘AAA’ with a Stable Outlook.

Sufficient Credit Enhancement: CE is provided by overcollateralization (OC; the excess of trust’s asset balance over bond balance) and excess spread, and for the senior notes, subordination of the class B note. As of December 2014, total parity is 101% (0.99% CE) and senior parity is 109.03% (8.28% CE). The trust has been releasing cash as the cash release level of 101% parity has been maintained.

Adequate Liquidity Support: Liquidity support is provided by a Debt Service Reserve Fund currently equal to the greater of 0.25% of the pool balance and $1,326,612.08, currently at $1,384,630.74 as of December 2014.

Acceptable Servicing Capabilities: Nelnet Inc. (97.56%) and ACS (2.44%) are responsible for day-to-day servicing of the trust. Fitch believes both Nelnet and ACS to be acceptable servicers of FFELP student loans.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

Since the FFELP student loan ABS relies on the U.S. government to reimburse defaults, ‘AAAsf’ FFELP ABS ratings will likely move in tandem with the ‘AAA’ U.S. sovereign rating. Aside from the U.S. sovereign rating, defaults and basis risk account for the majority of the risk embedded in FFELP student loan transactions. Additional defaults and basis shock beyond Fitch’s published stresses could result in future downgrades. Likewise, a buildup of credit enhancement driven by positive excess spread given favorable basis factor conditions could lead to future upgrades.

Fitch has taken the following rating actions:

Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2008-4:

–Class A-3 affirmed at ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable;

–Class A-4 affirmed at ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable;

–Class B upgraded to ‘AAsf’ from ‘A+sf’; Outlook to Stable from Positive.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ (Aug. 4, 2014);

–‘Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria’ (June 23, 2014);

–‘Representations, Warranties, and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions’ (Oct. 31, 2014).

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750530

Representations, Warranties and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=799248

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=981222

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

Investment & Company InformationFinanceFitch RatingsFFELP Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Eric Orenstein

+1-212-908-0245

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

33 Whitehall Street

New York, NY 10004

or

Committee Chairperson

Tracy Wan

Senior Director

+1-212-908-9171

or

Media Relations:

Sandro Scenga, +1-212-908-0278

sandro.scenga@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Upgrades 7 Classes of Wachovia CRE CDO 2006-1

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings has upgraded seven classes of Wachovia CRE CDO 2006-1, Ltd. (Wachovia CRE CDO 2006-1). Fitch’s performance expectation incorporates prospective views regarding commercial real estate market value and cash flow declines. A detailed list of rating actions follows at the end of this release.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

The upgrades reflect the significant delevering of the capital structure and Fitch’s better than average base case expected loss of 6.2% for the CDO. Since the last rating action, classes A though G have paid in full from the disposal of 19 loan or CMBS interests as well as asset amortization. There were no realized losses over the same period as all assets were removed or paid off at or above par. Further, in August 2014, the asset manager surrendered portions of classes B through N for cancellation. Between built par and the surrendered notes, the CDO is significantly over collateralized by $166 million, as of the Feb 2015 trustee report.

As of February 2015, CDO collateral consisted of the following: whole loans/A-notes (82%), CMBS (3.6%), and cash (14.4%). The approximately $40 million in principal proceeds are expected to be used to further pay down classes H through K.

The CDO collateral continues to become more concentrated. There are interests in approximately 14 different assets contributed to the CDO. The current combined percentage of defaulted assets and Loans of Concern is 38%.

Under Fitch’s methodology, approximately 68.1% of the portfolio is modeled to default in the base case stress scenario, defined as the ‘B’ stress. Modeled recoveries are well above average due to the, generally, stabilized nature of the collateral and the senior position of the majority of the debt.

The largest contributor to base case loss is a whole loan (20.6% of the pool) secured by a 402,000 sf retail center located in Glen Mills, PA. As of 9/30/14, occupancy was 96.7%. The largest tenants are Home Depot through 2033 and Marshalls through 2018. The loan, which matures on March 31, 2015, is over leveraged and Fitch modeled a loss in its base case scenario.

This transaction was analyzed according to the ‘Surveillance Criteria for U.S. CREL CDOs’, which applies stresses to property cash flows and debt service coverage ratio tests to project future default levels for the underlying portfolio. Recoveries are based on stressed cash flows and Fitch’s long-term capitalization rates. The default levels were then compared to the breakeven levels generated by Fitch’s cash flow model of the CDO under the various defaults timing and interest rate stress scenarios as described in the report ‘Global Rating Criteria for Structured Finance CDOs’. The breakeven rates for classes H through O pass the cash flow model at or above the ratings listed below. Upgrades to classes M though O were limited due to the increasing concentration of the portfolio.

The Stable Outlooks generally the significant credit enhancement to the classes and positive cushion in the modeling.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

If the collateral continues to repay at or near par, classes may be upgraded further.

Wachovia CRE CDO 2006-1 is a CRE CDO managed by Structured Asset Investors, LLC with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., successor-by-merger to Wachovia Bank, N.A., as sub-advisor. The CDO exited its reinvestment period in September 2011.

Fitch upgrades the following classes as indicated:

–$15 million class H notes to ‘AAAsf’ from ‘Asf’; Outlook Stable;

–$13 million class J notes to ‘AAAsf’ from ‘BBBsf’; Outlook Stable;

–$10.95 million class K notes to ‘AAAsf’ from ‘BBBsf’; Outlook Stable;

–$5 million class L notes to ‘AAAsf’ from ‘BBBsf’; Outlook Stable;

–$21.75 million class M notes to ‘Asf’ from ‘BBsf’; Outlook Stable;

–$6.9 million class N notes to ‘Asf’ from ‘Bsf’; Outlook Stable;

–$6.5 million class O notes to ‘Asf’ from ‘Bsf’; Outlook Stable.

Classes A through G have paid in full. The preferred shares are not rated.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Surveillance Criteria for U.S. CREL CDOs’ (November 2014);

–‘Global Rating Criteria for Structured Finance CDOs’ (July 2014);

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ (August 2014).

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Surveillance Criteria for U.S. CREL CDOs

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=811268

Global Rating Criteria for Structured Finance CDOs

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=751136

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=981153

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

Investment & Company InformationFinanceFitch RatingsCDO Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Surveillance Analyst

Stacey McGovern

Director

+1-212-908-0722

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

33 Whitehall Street

New York, NY 10004

or

Committee Chairperson

Mary MacNeill

Managing Director

+1-212-908-0785

or

Media Relations

Sandro Scenga, +1 212-908-0278

sandro.scenga@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Affirms Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings affirms Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1’s senior and subordinate notes at ‘AAAsf’ and ‘AAsf’, respectively. The Rating Outlooks remain Stable.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

High Collateral Quality: The trust collateral comprises Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans (including 10.3% of rehabilitated loans as of January 2015) with guaranties provided by eligible guarantors and reinsurance provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) for at least 97% of principal and accrued interest. Fitch’s current U.S. sovereign rating is ‘AAA’ with a Stable Outlook.

Sufficient Credit Enhancement (CE): CE is provided by overcollateralization (OC; the excess of trust’s asset balance over bond balance), excess spread, and for the Class A notes, subordination provided by the Class B notes. As of January 2015, senior and total parities are at 104.79% and 101.40% respectively. The trust is currently releasing cash at its cash release level of the greater of 1.38% OC and $2,000,000.

Adequate Liquidity Support: Liquidity support is provided by a Reserve Fund sized at the greater of 0.25% of the principal balance of the notes and 0.10% of the original principal balance of the notes ($343,900). The Reserve Fund is sized at $594,373 as of January 2015.

Acceptable Servicing Capabilities: National Education Loan Network, Inc. is the Master Servicer, with Nelnet, Inc. acting as subservicer. Fitch believes National Education Loan Network, Inc. and Nelnet, Inc. to be acceptable servicers of FFELP student loans.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

Since the FFELP student loan ABS relies on the U.S. government to reimburse defaults, ‘AAAsf’ FFELP ABS ratings will likely move in tandem with the ‘AAA’ U.S. sovereign rating. Aside from the U.S. sovereign rating, defaults and basis risk account for the majority of the risk embedded in FFELP student loan transactions. Additional defaults and basis shock beyond Fitch’s published stresses could result in future downgrades. Likewise, a buildup of CE driven by positive excess spread given favorable basis factor conditions could lead to future upgrades.

Initial Key Rating Drivers and Rating Sensitivities are further described in the presale report titled ‘Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1 (US ABS)’, dated May 2, 2012.

Fitch has affirmed the following:

Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1:

–Class A at ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable.

–Class B at ‘AAsf’; Outlook Stable.

A comparison of the transaction’s Representations, Warranties & Enforcement Mechanisms (RW&Es) to those of typical RW&Es for that asset class is available by accessing the appendix that accompanies the initial Presale Report. Please refer to ‘Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1 – Appendix’, published on May 2, 2012 at www.fitchratings.com.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ (Aug. 4, 2014);

–‘Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria’ (June 23, 2014);

–‘Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1 (US ABS)’ (May 2, 2012);

–‘Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1 – Appendix’ (May 2, 2012);

–‘Representations, Warranties, and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions’ (April 17, 2012).

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1 (US ABS)

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=678369

Nelnet Student Loan Trust 2012-1 – Appendix

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=678416

Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750530

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Representations, Warranties and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=799248

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=980826

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

FinanceInvestment & Company InformationFitch RatingsNelnet, Inc. Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Harry Kohl

Associate Director

+1 212-908-0837

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

33 Whitehall Street

New York, NY 10004

or

Committee Chairperson

Tracy Wan

Senior Director

+1 212-908-9171

or

Media Relations, New York

Sandro Scenga

+1 212-908-0278

sandro.scenga@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Rates KHESLC 2015-1

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings assigns the following rating to the Kentucky Higher Education Student Loan Corporation series 2015-1 (KHESLC 2015-1) student loan asset-backed notes:

–$134,605,000 2015-1 notes ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

High Collateral Quality: The trust collateral consists of Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans, including approximately 50.2% of rehab loans, with guaranties provided by eligible guarantors and reinsurance provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) for at least 97% of principal and accrued interest.

Sufficient Credit Enhancement: Cash flow scenarios for class A notes were satisfactory under Fitch stresses. At closing, total parity is expected to be 104.0%. Total credit enhancement (CE) is provided by overcollateralization (OC) and excess spread.

Adequate Liquidity Support: Liquidity support for the 2015-1 notes is provided by a $336,513 reserve fund and a $3.5 million capitalized interest account both of which will be funded with note proceeds at closing.

Acceptable Servicing Capabilities: KHESLC will service the entire 2015-1 portfolio, and Nelnet Servicing LLC will be the backup servicer. Fitch believes that both servicers are acceptable servicers of FFELP student loans.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

Since FFELP student loan ABS rely on the U.S. government to reimburse defaults, ‘AAAsf’ FFELP ABS ratings will likely move in tandem with the ‘AAA’ U.S. sovereign rating. Aside from the U.S. sovereign rating, defaults and basis risk account for the majority of the risk embedded in FFELP student loan transactions. Additional defaults and basis shock beyond Fitch’s published stresses could result in future downgrades. Likewise, a buildup of credit enhancement driven by positive excess spread given favorable basis factor conditions could lead to future upgrades. For further discussion of Fitch’s sensitivity analysis, please see the presale titled ‘KHESLC 2015-1’, dated Feb. 5, 2015.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ (August 2014);

–‘Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria’ (June 2014);

–‘Representations, Warranties and Enforcement Mechanism in Global Structure Finance Transactions’ (October 2014).

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Representations, Warranties and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=799248

Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750530

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=980439

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

FinanceInvestment & Company InformationFitch Ratingsstudent loan Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Nicole Edwards, +1-212-908-9114

Director

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

33 Whitehall

New York, NY 10004

or

Secondary Analyst

Harry Kohl, +1-212-908-0837

Associate Director

or

Committee Chairperson

Tracy Wan, +1-212-908-9171

Senior Director

or

Media Relations

Sandro Scenga, New York, +1-212-908-0278

sandro.scenga@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Rates Navient Student Loan Trust 2015-1

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings assigns ratings to Navient Student Loan Trust 2015-1 as follows:

–$343,600,000 class A-1 notes ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable;

–$629,700,000 class A-2 notes ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable;

–$26,700,000 class B notes ‘A+sf’; Outlook Stable.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

High Collateral Quality: The trust collateral consists of Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans, including approximately 15.1% of rehab loans, with guaranties provided by eligible guarantors and reinsurance provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) for at least 97% of principal and accrued interest. Fitch currently rates the U.S. at ‘AAA’/Stable.

Sufficient Credit Enhancement: Cash flow scenarios for the class A and B notes were satisfactory under Fitch’s ‘AAAsf’ and ‘A+sf’ stresses, respectively. Credit enhancement (CE) is provided by overcollateralization (OC), excess spread and, for the class A notes, approximately 2.67% of subordination provided by the class B notes. A target OC amount equal to the greater of 1.50% of the adjusted pool balance and $3.0 million must be met before excess cash can be released.

Adequate Liquidity Support: Liquidity support is provided by a reserve account sized at 1.65% of the initial student loan balance which is funded at closing. The required reserve account balance for any distribution dates prior to May 25, 2016 (the step-down date) is 1.65% of the current student loan balance. Thereafter, the requirement will be the greater of 0.25% of the current student loan balance and 0.10% of the initial student loan balance.

Acceptable Servicing Capabilities: Navient Solutions, Inc. (formerly known as Sallie Mae, Inc.) will service 100% of the trust’s student loan pool. In Fitch’s opinion, Navient Solutions, Inc. is an acceptable servicer of FFELP student loans.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

Since FFELP student loan ABS rely on the U.S. government to reimburse defaults, ‘AAAsf’ FFELP ABS ratings will likely move in tandem with the ‘AAA’ U.S. sovereign rating. Aside from the U.S. sovereign rating, defaults and basis risk account for the majority of the risk embedded in FFELP student loan transactions. Additional defaults and basis shock beyond Fitch’s published stresses could result in future downgrades. Likewise, a buildup of CE driven by positive excess spread given favorable basis factor conditions could lead to future upgrades.

Key Rating Drivers and Rating Sensitivities are further described in the pre-sale report titled ‘Navient Student Loan Trust 2015-1’, and for a further discussion on the representations, warranties, and enforcement mechanisms available to investors in this transaction, please see the related presale appendix, dated Feb. 12, 2015, available on www.fitchratings.com, or by clicking on the link.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ (August, 2014);

–‘Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria’ (June, 2014);

–‘Representations, Warranties, and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions’ (October, 2014).

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750530

Representations, Warranties and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=799248

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=980410

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

FinanceFinancial AidFitch Ratingsstudent loan Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Nicole Edwards

Director

+1 212-908-9114

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

33 Whitehall Street

New York, NY 10004

or

Secondary Analyst

Victoria Ohorodnyk

Director

+1 212-908-0866

or

Committee Chairperson

Tracy Wan

Senior Director

+1 212-908-9171

or

Media Relations:

Sandro Scenga, +1 212-908-0278

sandro.scenga@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Affirms Ratings for SLM Student Loan Trust 2012-3 Notes

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings affirms the senior notes and subordinate notes issued by SLM Student Loan Trust 2012-3 at ‘AAAsf’ and ‘AAsf’, respectively. The Rating Outlook remains Stable for the senior and subordinate notes. A detailed list of rating actions follows at the end of this press release.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

High Collateral Quality

The collateral consists of 100% of Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans. The credit quality of the trust collateral is high, in Fitch’s opinion, based on the guarantees provided by the transaction’s eligible guarantors and reinsurance provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) for at least 97% of principal and accrued interest. Fitch currently rates the U.S. sovereign at “AAA”, outlook stable.

Sufficient Credit Enhancement

While both the senior and subordinate notes will benefit from overcollateralization (OC; the excess of trust’s asset balance over bond balance) and excess spread, the senior notes also benefit from subordination provided by the class B note. As of January 2015, total parity is 101.01% (1.00% CE) and senior parity is 105.54% (5.25% CE). Cash is being released from the trust, given the specified OC amount, which is equal to the greater of 1.00% of the current adjustable pool balance and $1,300,000, has been achieved.

Adequate Liquidity Support

Liquidity support is provided by a Debt Service Reserve Fund sized at the greater of 0.25% of the pool balance and $1,249,353.

Acceptable Servicing Capabilities

Navient, formerly Sallie Mae, Inc., is responsible for day-to-day servicing of the trust. Fitch believes Navient is an acceptable servicer of FFELP student loans.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

Since FFELP student loan ABS rely on the U.S. government to reimburse defaults, ‘AAAsf’ FFELP ABS ratings will likely move in tandem with the ‘AAA’ U.S. sovereign rating. Aside from the U.S. sovereign rating, defaults and basis risk account for the majority of the risk embedded in FFELP student loan transactions. Additional defaults and basis shock beyond Fitch’s published stresses could result in future downgrades. Likewise, a buildup of CE driven by positive excess spread given favorable basis factor conditions could lead to future upgrades.

Initial Key Rating Drivers and Rating Sensitivity further described in the Presale report published on April 24, 2012.

Fitch has affirmed the following:

SLM Student Loan Trust 2012-3:

–Class A notes at ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable;

–Class B notes at ‘AAsf’; Outlook Stable.

A comparison of the transaction’s Representations, Warranties, and Enforcement Mechanisms (RW&Es) to those of typical RW&Es for student loans is available by accessing the reports and links below:

–‘SLM Student Loan Trust 2012-3 – Appendix’, dated April 24, 2012;

–‘Representations, Warranties, and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions — Amended’, dated April 17, 2013.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ (August 2014);

–‘Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria’ (June 2014).

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750530

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=980252

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

FinanceInvestment & Company InformationFitch Ratings Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Jeffrey Prackup

Director

+1 212-908-0839

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

33 Whitehall Street

New York, NY 10004

or

Secondary Analyst

Paul Jiang

Analyst

+1 212-908-9120

or

Committee Chairperson

Tracy Wan

Senior Director

+1 212-908-9171

or

Media Relations:

Sandro Scenga, +1 212-908-0278

sandro.scenga@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Affirms Oklahoma Student Loan Authority, Series 2013-1 Notes

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings affirms the senior notes at ‘AAAsf’ issued by Oklahoma Student Loan Authority, Series 2013-1 (OSLA 2013-1). The Rating Outlook remains Stable.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

High Collateral Quality: The trust collateral consists of 100% of Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans. The credit quality of the trust collateral is high, in Fitch’s opinion, based on the guarantees provided by the transaction’s eligible guarantors and reinsurance provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) for at least 97% of principal and accrued interest. Fitch currently rates the U.S. ‘AAA’ with a Stable Outlook.

Sufficient Credit Enhancement (CE): CE is provided by overcollateralization (OC; the excess of trust’s asset balance over bond balance) and excess spread. As of December 2014, parity was at 105.64%. Additionally, the trust is in turbo and no cash will be released until all notes have been paid in full.

Adequate Liquidity Support: Liquidity support for the notes is provided by a reserve account currently at 0.25% of the bond balance.

Acceptable Servicing Capabilities: OSLA is responsible for day-to-day servicing of the trust as Nelnet Servicing LLC provides backup servicing. Fitch believes both are acceptable servicers of FFELP student loans.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

Since FFELP student loan ABS rely on the U.S. government to reimburse defaults, ‘AAAsf’ FFELP ABS ratings will likely move in tandem with the ‘AAA’ U.S. sovereign rating. Aside from the U.S. sovereign rating, defaults and basis risk account for the majority of the risk embedded in FFELP student loan transactions. Additional defaults and basis shock beyond Fitch’s published stresses could result in future downgrades. Likewise, a buildup of credit enhancement driven by positive excess spread given favorable basis factor conditions could lead to future upgrades.

Fitch has affirmed the following ratings:

Oklahoma Student Loan Authority, Series 2013-1:

–Series 2013-1 at AAAsf; Outlook Stable.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ dated Aug. 4, 2014;

–‘Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria’ dated June 23, 2014;

–‘Oklahoma Student Loan Authority, Series 2013-1 (US ABS)’ dated March 26, 2013.

A comparison of the transaction’s RW&Es to those of typical RW&Es for student loans is available by accessing the reports and links below:

–‘Oklahoma Student Loan Authority, Series 2013-1 – Appendix’, dated March 26, 2013;

–‘Representations, Warranties, and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions — Amended’, dated April 17, 2012.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750530

Oklahoma Student Loan Authority, Series 2013-1 — Appendix

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=704451

Representations, Warranties and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=799248

Oklahoma Student Loan Authority, Series 2013-1 (US ABS)

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=704397

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=980208

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

FinanceFinancial AidFitch Ratings Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Victoria Ohorodnyk

Associate Director

+1 212-908-0866

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

33 Whitehall Street

New York, NY 10004

or

Committee Chairperson

Tracy Wan

Senior Director

+1 212-908-9171

or

Media Relations:

Elizabeth Fogerty, +1 212-908-0526

elizabeth.fogerty@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Affirms Alaska Student Loan Corporation Series 2013A

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings has affirmed at ‘AAAsf’ the senior notes issued by Alaska Student Loan Corporation series 2013A. The Rating Outlook remains Stable.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

High Collateral Quality: The trust collateral comprises Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans with guaranties provided by eligible guarantors and reinsurance provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) for at least 97% of principal and accrued interest. Fitch currently rates the U.S. ‘AAA’ with a Stable Outlook.

Sufficient Credit Enhancement: CE is provided by overcollateralization (OC; the excess of trust’s asset balance over bond balance) and excess spread. As of January 2015, parity is at 104.75%. Additionally, the trust is in turbo and no cash will be released until all notes have been paid in full.

Adequate Liquidity Support: Liquidity support is provided by a Debt Service Reserve Fund currently sized at $ 280,074 (25bps of the bond balance, with a floor of 15bps)

Acceptable Servicing Capabilities: Day-to-day servicing will be provided by Alaska Commission on Postsecondary Education (with PHEAA acting as back-up servicer). Both servicers have demonstrated adequate servicing capabilities.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

Since FFELP student loan ABS rely on the U.S. government to reimburse defaults, ‘AAAsf’ FFELP ABS ratings will likely move in tandem with the ‘AAA’ U.S. sovereign rating. Aside from the U.S. sovereign rating, defaults and basis risk account for the majority of the risk embedded in FFELP student loan transactions. Additional defaults and basis shock beyond Fitch’s published stresses could result in future downgrades. Likewise, a buildup of CE driven by positive excess spread given favorable basis factor conditions could lead to future upgrades.

Fitch has affirmed the following ratings:

Alaska Student Loan Corporation 2013A:

–Series 2013A notes at ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ (Aug. 4, 2014);

–‘Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria'(June 23, 2014);

–‘Alaska Student Loan Corporation, Series 2013A (US ABS)’ (May 28, 2013);.

A comparison of the transaction’s RW&Es to those of typical RW&Es for student loans is available by accessing the reports and links below:

–‘Alaska Student Loan Corporation, Series 2013A – Appendix'(May 28, 2013).

–‘Representations, Warranties, and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions — Amended'(April 17, 2012).

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Alaska Student Loan Corporation, Series 2013A (US ABS)

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=709357

Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750530

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=980207

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

FinanceFinancial AidFitch RatingsStudent LoanFFELP Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Victoria Ohorodnyk

Associate Director

+1-212-908-0866

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

33 Whitehall Street

New York, NY 10004

or

Committee Chairperson

Tracy Wan

Senior Director

+1-212-908-9171

or

Media Relations:

Elizabeth Fogerty, New York, +1 212-908-0526

Email:

elizabeth.fogerty@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Affirms Wisconsin's $764MM Clean Water Rev Bonds at 'AA+'; Outlook Stable

CHICAGO–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings affirms its ‘AA+’ rating on the following outstanding bonds issued by the state of Wisconsin (the state):

–$764 million clean water revenue bonds.

The Rating Outlook is Stable.

SECURITY

The bonds are secured by pledged loan repayments, amounts in the reserve and subsidy funds, and other pledged amounts.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

SOLID FINANCIAL STRUCTURE: Fitch’s cash flow modeling demonstrates that the state’s Clean Water Fund Program (CWFP) can continue to pay bond debt service even if there were loan defaults in excess of Fitch’s stress test without causing bond payment interruptions.

STATE OF WISCONSIN EXPOSURE: Significant portions of CWFP’s bond debt service are subsidized by general obligation (GO) bond repayments issued by the state of Wisconsin (GOs rated ‘AA’ with a Stable Outlook by Fitch) and are required to provide 1.0x coverage. This structural reliance on the state to provide subsidies limits the program’s rating to ‘AA+’.

STRONG PORTFOLIO QUALITY WITH INTERCEPT: Borrower loan provisions are strong, with most of loan principal secured by general obligation or water/sewer system revenue pledges. Approximately 67% of the CWFP’s loan portfolio is estimated to be investment grade by Fitch. This is due in part to the program’s ability to intercept state aid payments otherwise due to delinquent borrowers. The state aid intercept reduces the risk of program debt service shortfalls.

HIGH SINGLE-BORROWER CONCENTRATION REMAINS: The pledged pool consists of 187 borrowers, with the top 10 participants representing approximately 73% of the total portfolio. The largest participant, Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewer District (MMSD), represents a significant 31% of the total portfolio. MMSD’s high credit rating (GO debt rated ‘AAA’ with a Stable Outlook) mitigates this concentration risk.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION IN PROGRAM ENHANCEMENT: A measurable decline in pledged resources including quality of invested reserves and loan subsidy from the state could pressure the rating. The Stable Outlook reflects Fitch’s view that these events are not likely to occur.

CREDIT PROFILE

The state issues revolving fund revenue bonds under its leveraged portfolio to fund clean water loans for various governmental entities throughout the state. In addition, the state, through the Department of Administration (DOA), operates separate direct and proprietary loan portfolios for loans also made to governmental entities for clean water projects. The direct loan portfolio is funded from federal capitalization grants, required state match amounts, and recycled loan repayments while the proprietary portfolio is funded from state GO bond proceeds as well as recycled payments. Only loan repayments from the leveraged portfolio are pledged to CWF bondholders. Fitch considers a credit strength the DOA’s ability to sell or exchange loans between portfolios to avoid delinquencies in the leveraged portfolio.

FINANCIAL STRUCTURE EXHIBITS STRONG DEFAULT TOLERANCE

The CWFP’s scheduled loan repayments are projected to provide minimum debt service coverage of 1.0x, which does not include approximately $105 million in pledged reserves. Overall, Fitch calculates the program’s asset strength ratio (PASR) to be 1.2x, which is slightly weaker than Fitch’s median for the state revolving fund (SRF) sector of 1.8x. The PASR includes total scheduled loan repayments and all other pledged resources divided by total scheduled bond debt service.

Fitch’s cash flow modeling demonstrates that the SRF program can continue to pay bond debt service even with hypothetical loan defaults of 100% over the first, middle and last four-year period of the bonds’ life. This is in excess of Fitch’s ‘AAA’ liability stress hurdle of 30% produced by the portfolio stress calculator. The liability stress hurdle is calculated based on overall pool credit quality as measured by the rating of underlying borrowers, size, and loan term. Despite the ability of the program to meet Fitch’s ‘AAA’ liability default hurdle, structural reliance on state subsidies currently limits the program rating to an ‘AA+’.

The state subsidizes approximately 22% of the CWFP’s debt service costs in the form of state GO debt service payments of outstanding bonds purchased for the program. The purchased bonds (and repayments) are held in the subsidy fund by the trustee. This contribution reduces local borrowing costs by allowing a lower yield on the underlying loans than the yield on the bonds. The corpus of the subsidy fund GOs currently totals approximately about $161 million, or about 21% of outstanding bonds, and is available to cure debt service deficiencies if reserve funds are insufficient.

The program’s loan credit reserve fund is sized based on the estimated credit quality of the loan portfolio and is available to cure debt service deficiencies. The state must cure reserve fund shortfalls before additional loan disbursements or bond issuances. In addition, defaulting borrowers must replenish any reserve draws. As of Jan. 28, 2015, the loan credit reserve fund totaled approximately $105.6 million (14% of outstanding bonds), which is slightly greater than the current minimum requirement of $102.3 million.

The reserves are invested in the state’s investment pool, forward-delivery agreements providing for the delivery of U.S. treasury securities, a collateralized repurchase agreement and Wisconsin GO bonds. Pursuant to the CWFP documents, the reserves must be invested with institutions or instruments that are rated at least as high as the rating category on the clean water revenue bonds at the time the funds were initially invested.

STATE AID INTERCEPT PROVISION CONTRIBUTES TO STRONG POOL QUALITY

Fitch estimates that at least 67% of the pool’s loans are to investment-grade borrowers, including borrowers rated off the state’s GO rating by virtue of state aid credit enhancement. In the event a borrower becomes delinquent, the DOA must intercept that entity’s state aid payments – including state-shared revenues paid to cities, villages, and towns – and transportation aid, where available. The CWFP currently asserts priority over other agencies for intercepted funds, which is viewed by Fitch as a structural positive for bondholders. Fitch uses an assumed ‘AA-‘ rating for borrowers meeting Fitch’s state aid intercept criteria in determining the composite portfolio stress hurdle.

The program’s loan security is solid with approximately 64% of loan principal backed by GO pledges and remaining loans backed by water/sewer system revenue pledges. A minimum coverage ratio of 1.1x is required for new revenue-backed loans. Final loan maturity generally does not exceed 20 years, and level debt service schedules are typical, with principal amortization beginning one year after project completion.

Unpaid system fees must be added by municipalities as a special charge to the property tax bill of the delinquent user. Under the individual loan agreements, the DOA may appoint receivers to take over troubled projects. An internal database is used to track compliance. Additionally, each borrower’s audited financials are monitored on an annual basis. To date, there has not been a permanent loan default.

LOAN POOL EXHIBITS MODERATE-TO-HIGH CONCENTRATION

The combined pledged loan pool is composed of approximately 187 loans, with the top 10 obligors representing approximately 73% of the aggregate loan pool. MMSD, the largest borrower, represents about 31% of the total pledged portfolio. Fitch views overall pool concentration as moderate to high. Each of the remaining pool participants represents no more than approximately 4% of the total pool.

The state also presents a degree of concentration risk to the program structure because of its reliance on state subsidies to cover debt service in the form of state GO bond repayments. As of Jan. 28, 2015, expected state subsidy amounts totaled approximately 22% of total debt.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Revenue-Supported Rating Criteria’ (June 16, 2014);

–‘State Revolving Fund and Leveraged Municipal Loan Pool Criteria’ (Oct. 22, 2014) .

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Revenue-Supported Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750012

State Revolving Fund and Leveraged Municipal Loan Pool Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=792908

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=979478

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

BondsSecurity Upgrades & DowngradesFitch Ratings Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Adrienne M. Booker

Senior Director

+1-312-368-5471

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

70 West Madison Street

Chicago, IL 60602

or

Secondary Analyst

Major Parkhurst

Director

+1-512-215-3724

or

Committee Chairperson

Jessalynn Moro

Managing Director

+1-212-908-0608

or

Media Relations:

Elizabeth Fogerty, New York, +1 212-908-0526

Email:

elizabeth.fogerty@fitchratings.com […]

Fitch Affirms SLM Student Loan Trust 2012-2 Notes

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–

Fitch Ratings affirms the ‘AAAsf’ rating on the senior notes and affirms the subordinate notes at ‘AAsf’ issued by SLM Student Loan Trust 2012-2. The Rating Outlook remains Stable for the senior and subordinate notes. A detailed list of rating actions follows at the end of this press release.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

High Collateral Quality:

The collateral consists of 100% of Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans. The credit quality of the trust collateral is high, in Fitch’s opinion, based on the guarantees provided by the transaction’s eligible guarantors and reinsurance provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) for at least 97% of principal and accrued interest. Fitch currently rates the U.S. sovereign at “AAA”, outlook stable.

Sufficient Credit Enhancement (CE):

While both the senior and subordinate notes will benefit from overcollateralization (OC; the excess of trust’s asset balance over bond balance) and excess spread, the senior notes also benefit from subordination provided by the class B notes. As of December 2014, total parity is 101.27% (1.25% CE) and senior parity is 105.91% (5.58% CE). Cash is being released from the trust given that the specified OC amount, which is equal to the greater of 1.25 % of the adjusted pool balance and $2,000,000 has been maintained.

Adequate Liquidity Support:

Liquidity support is provided by a debt service reserve fund sized at the greater of 0.25% of the pool balance and $821,986.

Acceptable Servicing Capabilities:

Navient, formerly Sallie Mae, Inc., is responsible for day-to-day servicing of the trust. Fitch believes Navient is an acceptable servicer of FFELP student loans.

RATING SENSITIVITIES

Since FFELP student loan ABS rely on the U.S. government to reimburse defaults, ‘AAAsf’ FFELP ABS ratings will likely move in tandem with the ‘AAA’ U.S. sovereign rating. Aside from the U.S. sovereign rating, defaults and basis risk account for the majority of the risk embedded in FFELP student loan transactions. Additional defaults and basis shock beyond Fitch’s published stresses could result in future downgrades. Likewise, a buildup of CE driven by positive excess spread given favorable basis factor conditions could lead to future upgrades.

Initial Key Rating Drivers and Rating Sensitivity are further described in the Presale report published on Feb. 29, 2012.

Fitch has affirmed the following:

SLM Student Loan Trust 2012-2:

–Class A notes at ‘AAAsf’; Outlook Stable;

–Class B notes at ‘AAsf’; Outlook Stable.

A comparison of the transaction’s RW&Es to those of typical RW&Es for student loans is available by accessing the reports and links below.

Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

–‘Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria’ dated August 2014;

–‘Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria’ dated June 2014

–‘SLM Student Loan Trust 2012-1 – Appendix’, dated Feb. 29, 2012;

–‘Representations, Warranties, and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions — Amended’, dated April 17, 2012.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:

Representations, Warranties and Enforcement Mechanisms in Global Structured Finance Transactions

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=799248

Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=754389

Rating U.S. Federal Family Education Loan Program Student Loan ABS Criteria

http://www.fitchratings.com/creditdesk/reports/report_frame.cfm?rpt_id=750530

Additional Disclosure

Solicitation Status

http://www.fitchratings.com/gws/en/disclosure/solicitation?pr_id=979352

ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://FITCHRATINGS.COM/UNDERSTANDINGCREDITRATINGS. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY’S PUBLIC WEBSITE ‘WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM‘. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE ‘CODE OF CONDUCT’ SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

Security Upgrades & DowngradesFinanceFitch Ratings Contact:

Fitch Ratings

Primary Analyst

Jeffrey Prackup

Director

+1-212-908-0839

Fitch Ratings. Inc.

33 Whitehall Street

New York, NY 10004

or

Committee Chairperson

Tracy Wan

Senior Director

+1-212-908-9171

or

Media Relations

Sandro Scenga, +1 212-908-0278

sandro.scenga@fitchratings.com […]